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Unemployment Rate Fell After U.S. Added 136,000 Jobs


In September, the unemployment rate fell to 3.5%, the lowest rate since December 1969, as employers added 136,000 jobs to the US economy.

Economists had anticipated the economy to between 120,000 and 179,000 with the consensus number at 145,000, according to Econoday. Unemployment was expected to remain unchanged at last month’s 3.7 percent.

The jobs data for the two earlier months were additionally revised upward, indicating that the labor market was more active over the summer than earlier indicated.

Employment for July was revised up by 7,000 from 159,000 to 166,000, and August was changed up by 38,000 from 130,000 to 168,000. With these changes, employment gains in July and August combined were 45,000 more than earlier reported.

The pace of hiring has slowed considerably since 2018 when the economy added an average of 223,000 jobs per month. The September jobs report comes in the same week in which a series of economic reports showed the US economy is slowing and reinforced fears of a looming recession.

Shortage of workers

Activity in American factories has declined for two straight months, and the biggest piece of the economy, the services sector, is growing at its weakest pace in three years. Businesses expressed concern about tariffs, a shortage of workers and the direction of the economy.

In September, the unemployment rate fell to 3.5%
Image: National Review

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Despite cracks showing in the economy, hiring has long been a consistent bright spot. As companies fight for talent, paychecks have grown, giving more spending power to consumers, which has kept the economy growing even as the trade war hurts US manufacturing and farming.

This most recent report from the Labor Department showed some encouraging signs, July and August’s jobs reports were revised higher by a combined 45,000 jobs. unemployment rate fell to 3.9%, setting a record low, while black unemployment remained at a record low of 5.5%.

Minority unemployment has been tracked by the Labor Department since the early 1970s. The nation’s underemployment rate, which looks at people who are unemployed as well as those who are working part-time but would prefer full-time work, fell to 6.9%. That’s the lowest reading for that measure since December 2000.

The unemployment rate for adults with less than a high school education fell to 4.8%, the first time that measure has ever been below 5% on data going back to 1992. The economy also benefited from 1,000 new positions from the US Census.

Nevertheless, the massive GM strike, in which about GM workers began Striking, was not counted in this month’s report.

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