the September 11 Aftermaths that entangled America
We can’t ignore the September 11 Aftermaths that entangled America, while these Aftermaths have continued to this day! Eighteen years later, the memory of September 11, 2001, continues to weigh heavily on the American psyche.
Eighteen years have passed and the September 11 is still reminiscent of bitter and painful memories, not just for Americans, yes for many people around the world. Eighteen years after the attacks on September 11, 2001, people still look at photos of that day and watch the almost two decades old news coverage.
Everything is still going on…
On the morning of September 11, 19 al-Qaeda members abducted four commercial passenger aircraft at Logan Airport in Boston. The hijackers landed two planes at the World Trade Center’s twin towers in New York City at different times. Wall Street, the Pentagon, and the White House were the three main targets of the terrorists for the attack.
The first two planes hit the target. The first plane hit the World Trade Center towers at 08:46 and the second at 09:03. The White House, however, was spared, and Flight 93 failed to carry out its operations.
At 10:05, millions of television viewers watched the twin towers collapse. The death toll from the attacks reached 2993. Most of those killed were ordinary citizens, who were from 90 different countries. Also, the death of at least one person due to exposure to dust caused by the destruction of two towers was reported.
the September 11 Aftermaths
The September 11 attacks transformed the first term of President George W. Bush and led to what he has called the Global War on Terrorism.
The accuracy of describing it as a “war” and its political motivations and consequences are the topic of strenuous debate. The U.S. government increased military operations, economic measures and political pressure on groups accused of being terrorists, as well as increasing pressure on the governments and countries which were accused of sheltering them. October 2001 saw the first military action initiated by the US. Under this policy, NATO invaded Afghanistan in order to kill the Taliban regime (which harbored al-Qaeda) and capture al-Qaeda forces.
The fight, nevertheless, is continuing and it has not been won. Critics point out that the Afghan conflict has added to the destabilization of neighboring Pakistan and Afghanistan itself is far from at peace—Lord Ashdown, British diplomat and former international High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, has gone as far as to describe the country as “a failed state”. The US government has also said that the US attack of Iraq is related to 9/11.
Tourism and aviation industry after September 11
As the al-Qaeda terrorists used commercial aircraft as their weapon of choice, after September 11, the number of tourists on air travel dropped significantly. Following the 9/11 attacks, the US aviation industry alone lost $ 7 billion in 2001.
Losses were reported at $ 74 billion between 2001 and 2010. Although airlines have recovered rapidly than before, the negative effects of these attacks on air transportation in the United States are felt yet.
the September 11 attacks aftermaths also damaged the US tourism industry. Two weeks after the attacks, reports showed that the tourism industry had lost $ 2 billion. It is quite understandable that people were afraid to travel to America.
Also in 2001 and 2002, more than 335,000 people lost their tourism-related jobs.
Security and military actions
The September 11 Aftermath’s effects on homeland security are undeniable. The development of security and protective services increased largely due to the attacks. Critical changes included air travel policies, airport security and screening, and guidelines that must be done before getting on board.
Congress quickly reacted after the terrorist attack by passing Aviation and Transportation Security Act, which used various kinds of transportation, not only air travel.
Further screening was another main focus that took place throughout the period after the attacks, and many passengers were prescreened and advanced screened at various security checkpoints. This led to the main problem of racial profiling and invasion of privacy, as many Middle Eastern-looking people were singled out for further screening.
Baggage screening was another main objective, as new technology was introduced to scan passengers’ luggage thoroughly and search for weapons or bombs. In addition, some pilots were required by the Department of Homeland Security to carry a firearm on board. Better known as a Federal flight deck officer, these pilots undergo training to prevent terrorist attacks or other potential dangers on an airplane.
The Department of Homeland Security was created in 2002 as part of the National Security Act, which subsequently increased national security spending.
Initially, national security had a budget of $ 19.5 billion. Currently, the Department of Homeland Security’s budget is $ 41.3 billion.
National Security and its associated costs after 9/11 alone reached $ 589 billion by 2011, or $ 640 billion in 2017.
From 2001 to 2014, US Homeland Security spending was $ 1.1 trillion, according to the Institute for Economics and Peace Studies. That means, on average, the US government has spent $ 73 billion a year on Homeland Security.
Fiscal policies and tax cuts
The 9/11 attacks significantly disrupted the US tax process. In the first 18 months after the event, with the deaths of nearly 3,000 people and the deaths of thousands of US citizens, government tax cuts totaled $ 3.5 billion.
Beyond the state, the 9/11 attacks forced the Federal Reserve to cut interest rates. Although this policy helped to prevent the recession at that point in time, cheaper and easier access to bank loans created more problems in the future.
Government debt increased significantly. Inflation also rose, especially in the housing and real estate market.
However, 18 years passed. Since 9/11, right-wing terrorists have murdered more people in the United States than jihadist terrorists. That’s according to “New America.” There are some folks for who they’re — for their own political purposes would like to keep the focus on only one form of political violence over another, but that would be unwise because we don’t have the luxury of choosing what threats we face. And there’s a case to be made that these threats actually echo each other. As our colleague, Jim Sciutto and others have argued.
They’re weaponized versions of tribalism, motivated by fear and finding identity in their hatred of the other. As Max Fisher of “The Times” wrote, in both there’s the apocalyptic
To mark the 18th anniversary of 9/11 is to reflect on how we’re all the children of 9/11. That attack unleashed destructive forces that we’re still wrestling with. But to truly learn the lessons of 9/11 is to resolve not to let hate win, or fear defines us.